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Our raw materials

Our packaging is conceived, designed and manufactured with resource use in mind. We seek out materials that are bio-based, annually renewable and have the least environmental impact. We use the Cradle to Cradle design protocol to assess materials used in our products. By analysing every stage in the life cycle of our products we strive to develop and offer better solutions for businesses, who, like us, want to do everything they can to protect the planet for future generations. We assess the below factors:
Embodied energy: Total energy used to transform a raw material into a material ready for manufacture
Embodied carbon: Total CO2 emissions emitted to transform a raw material into a material ready for manufacture
Extraction intensity: Total amount of non-renewable material extracted to make every kilogram of final material
Recycled content: The percentage of recycled material in average material supplies
Years of reserves: The number of years left before we deplete our material reserves

Bioplastic (Polylactic Acid – PLA)

Bioplastics are made from plant-based resins derived from plant starch from tapioca and corn, among others. Instead of choosing petroleum-based plastics that are toxic and cause environmental pollution, consumers can choose products made from compostable, renewable bioplastics. PLA bioplastic is also completely stable in landfill. When thinking about environmental impact, it’s important to recognise that the true eco-advantage starts at the beginning, and by design bioplastic results in 75% less greenhouse gases than oil-based PET or PS plastic – even if both end up in a landfill.

Ingeo bioplastic

Ingeo PLA is made by Natureworks, the industry leader in bioplastic maufacture, based in the USA. In 2001 they opened the world's first and largest PLA bioplastic facility, and continue to innovate with industry firsts.

Ingeo has the resin identification code 7 and can be chemically recycled and commercially composted. Currently there are no chemical recycling facilities in Australia or New Zealand but commercial composting is steadily increasing and demand is high – see a map of commercial compost facilities that accept our products here.

We use Ingeo bioplastic to make our 100% bioplastic cutlery, clear cups and bowls and the lids and water-proof lining for our paper cups and bowls.

  • Embodied energy: 53MJ/Kg
  • Embodied energy: 53MJ/Kg
  • Embodied water: 200L/Kg
  • Recycled content: 1%
  • Embodied carbon: 2.3Kg/Kg
  • Extracted intensity: Not available
  • Years of reserves: Renewable

Ecopond

We use Ecopond bioplastic to make our bioplastic bags. Ecopond PLA is a starch based bioplastic that is certified commercially compostable to Australian Standards AS4736 by the Australasian Bioplastics Association.

There is an increasing demand for bioplastic bags as many Councils and States throughout Australia, New Zealand and the world are moving to ban the use of conventional plastic bags. 

“It’s important that everyone understands the differences between products claimed as degradable, oxo-degradable, biodegradable and certified compostable. They simply aren’t the same thing and unless they are Australian Standards certified compostable then they are not considered suitable for use in organics recycling.” Said Peter McLean, Executive Officer at Australian Organics Recycling Association (AORA).

The commercial composting infrastructure in Australia or New Zealand is steadily increasing – see a map of commercial compost facilities that accept our products here.

  • Embodied energy: 53MJ/Kg
  • Embodied energy: Not available
  • Embodied water: Not available
  • Recycled content: Not available
  • Embodied carbon: Not available
  • Extracted intensity: Not available
  • Years of reserves: Renewable

Plastarch material (PSM)

PSM is bioplastic and plastic blend made from 70% bioplastic plant-starch and 30% polypropylene. We use this to make a slightly more afforadable range of 70% bioplastic cutlery.

This materials still carries the upfront product benefits of producing less carbon emissions than coventional plastic but as it is blended with conventional plastic it is not commercially compostable like out Ingeo or Ecopond bioplastic.

  • Embodied energy: 53MJ/Kg
  • Embodied energy: Not available
  • Embodied water: Not available
  • Recycled content: Not available
  • Embodied carbon: Not available
  • Extracted intensity: Not available
  • Years of reserves: Renewable

Conventional plastics

Conventional plastics are usually synthetic, most commonly derived from petrochemicals. The global consumption of all flexible packaging is estimated at 12.3 million tonnes/year. Plastics are durable and degrade very slowly. Since the 1950s, one billion tonnes of plastic have been discarded and may persist for hundreds or even thousands of years. Plastics are accepted into most recycling streams in Australia and New Zealand but a staggering 32% of plastic packaging still escapes collection.

Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)

PET is a plastic made from fossil resources. Used to produce clear lunch box lids. Recycling code 1.

  • Embodied energy: 53MJ/Kg
  • Embodied energy: 84MJ/Kg
  • Embodied water: 29L/Kg
  • Recycled content: 21%
  • Embodied carbon: 2.3Kg/Kg
  • Extracted intensity: 6.4Kg/Kg
  • Years of reserves: 20 years

Polystyrene (PS)

PS is a plastic made from fossil resources. Used to produce some of our coffee cup lids. Recycling code 6.

  • Embodied energy: 53MJ/Kg
  • Embodied energy: 93MJ/Kg
  • Embodied water: 216L/Kg
  • Recycled content: 3%
  • Embodied carbon: 2.8Kg/Kg
  • Extracted intensity: 2.5Kg/Kg
  • Years of reserves: 19 years

Polypropylene (PP)

PP is a plastic made from fossil resources. Used to produce soup bowl lids. Recycling code 5.

  • Embodied energy: 53MJ/Kg
  • Embodied energy: 98MJ/Kg
  • Embodied water: 100L/Kg
  • Recycled content: 6%
  • Embodied carbon: 2.7Kg/Kg
  • Extracted intensity: 4.2Kg/Kg
  • Years of reserves: 21 years

Sugarcane & Paper Pulp

Pulp is a lignocellulosic fibrous material prepared by chemically or mechanically separating cellulose fibres from wood, fibre crops or waste paper. Wood provides about 90% of the basis for pulp production, while about 10% originates from annual plants. Pulp is one of the most abundant raw materials worldwide most commonly used as raw material in papermaking. Molded pulp is often considered a sustainable packaging material, as defined by the Sustainable Packaging Coalition, since it is produced from recycled materials, and can be recycled again after its useful life.

Paper

Paper made from pulped cellulose from managed plantations. Used to produce our paper cups and bowls.

  • Embodied energy: 53MJ/Kg
  • Embodied energy: 28MJ/Kg
  • Embodied water: 1150L/Kg
  • Recycled content: 72%
  • Embodied carbon: 1.3Kg/Kg
  • Extracted intensity: 1.8Kg/Kg
  • Years of reserves: Renewable

Sugarcane pulp (bagasse)

Made from fibrous matter left behind after the juice has been extracted from sugarcane. Used to produce our range of plates, bowls, clamshell containers, takeaway containers and trays.

  • Embodied energy: 53MJ/Kg
  • Embodied energy: 84MJ/Kg
  • Embodied water: Not available
  • Recycled content: 0%
  • Embodied carbon: Not available
  • Extracted intensity: Not available
  • Years of reserves: Renewable