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05th of May 2020Composting & recycling

What are the different types of composting

Composting is nature’s way of recycling and creates nutrient-rich soil food. It’s an effective method for diverting food scraps, organic waste, and compostable packaging from landfill. There are a number of composting methods that are suitable for different materials. Learn more.


First off, what is compost? Composting, also known as organic recycling, is the natural breakdown of organic matter over time. How does composting work? Fungi, bacteria, insects, worms and other organisms break down organic waste to produce nutrient-rich compost.

What are the methods of composting?

There are two different kinds of composting – home composting, and commercial composting. Today, we’re going to break down the difference and take a look at the benefits of composting.

Why does it matter?

Knowing the difference between these two composting methods is important. Put simply, it makes it much easier to dispose of packaging responsibly, as well as identifying different types of compost bins when out and about.

Because, while almost all organic waste can be composted at home, not all compostable packaging can be. Some packaging can be easily broken down in home composting systems, while some needs the regulated environment of a commercial facility.

How to compost at home

Home composting is exactly what you think – composting that is done at home. While the end result of nutrient-dense soil food is similar to that of commercial composting facilities, the main difference is that the process is a little less regulated when it comes to temperature and atmosphere. This means: not all packaging will break down in a home composting environment.

Industrial composting

Industrial composting involves organic waste being sent to a commercial facility where it is mass-composted. The methods for this type of composting are different to home composting and are much easier to control and maintain.

Composting standards

It’s really important to look out for composting certifications when disposing of compostable packaging. At BioPak, we adhere to Australian and New Zealand standards: AS4736 for commercially compostable, and AS5810 for home compostable.

More information

Why Certifications Matter

How to dispose of BioPak packaging

Why We Launched The Biopak Compost Service